In the article, the author examines the function and the type of wax, methods of applying it to the machine.
The wax serves to protect the car paint of external factors. It forms a protective film preventing car body from small defects, such as scratches and cracks. If at the time of the processing, the coating is damaged, the wax covers minor defects, preventing the penetration of water, salts and other chemically active substances, which, acting on the exposed metal to damage with corrosion, or remove them. In other words, the wax can be considered as a measure additional to protect a car from rust. In addition, it provides protection against UV rays.
In addition, the wax improves the appearance, giving the paint more Shine. Provide fast drainage of the water from the machine, it eliminates the possibility of spots as the drying of drops. Because of this, the coating simplifies the cleaning of the body and increases the interval between cleanings.
There are three classifications of wax for cars.
One of them is based on the properties of the substance. According to him there are the following types of waxes:
The spray is considered the least attractive. This is because of its low resistance. This wax washes off of the body of the car for a couple of washes. Therefore, the application of this coating must be made very often, although this process is simple.
Liquid wax is more stable in comparison with the previous type. The processing technology of the machine consists in the application of a substance in freshly washed and his body crushed.
Hard wax is different from the one described for the species that is applied to a dry surface. The creation process of a coating is a long time. While it is very stable and has a duration of 3-4 months.
Synthetic wax is the most stable, and this coverage is retained up to six months. It is easy to apply, as it is in liquid form.
Another classification of waxes for cars are based on the method of application. Includes the following types:
Cold wax is a liquid that contains a large amount of surfactant cationic, and emulsified wax. The application of this type of coatings is done manually. The disadvantage of this type of material is low durability. To maintain the effect, repeat the process of coating after each wash.
Hot wax presents the substance of synthetic or natural origin. Temperature its melting point is around 90°. This is due to the fact that it is completely transparent, has a high melting point and high resistance to wear. This material retains the properties within the term of six months to a year. Many substances of this type are composed of corrosion inhibitors.
Technology is the application of hot wax are breeding with hot water and polishing with a sponge or cloth. The drawback is its high cost.
Foam wax, as well as the properties hot, and the difference is in the method of application. The creation of the considered coverage it is impossible to carry out manually because the process involves the use of special equipment. It is necessary to create a foam emulsion to the feeding of air to the mixture of wax of the composition and of the water. The use of such sophisticated technologies based on the high degree of adhesion of a foam emulsion with a work surface and uniform polishing.
Another classification of ceres based in origin. According to this criterion the materials are divided into the following varieties:
It should be noted that the properties of these types of wax are similar, so this function is rarely taken into account when choosing.
Choose the wax should be taking into account the economic costs of the options faster, losing its original properties.
Solid and liquid materials are usually treated to new cars at the age of 5 years. For the machines that use abrasive waxes and polishes. The difference between wax and Polish is that the first material created on the surface of the body of an additional protection of the layer, while the Polish improves the appearance of the property through the removal of the layer of paint. Wax that contains abrasives, it has the same principle as the Polish. Therefore, when choosing a wax for the car that you need to consider this option. Abrasive options should be applied to vehicles having any of the defects in painting, for example, in the form of stripes or faded paint. You need to consider that abrasive components vary in the degree of hardness. The more solid options in appearance and feels like a grain of sand.
For new cars, without having flaws in the paint, you should use the options of wax that does not contain any abrasive components.
As has been mentioned, manually it is possible to implement the application of all types of wax, with the exception of Penn. In any case, before you create a cover it is necessary to cleanse the body of impurities by washing. You must be washed in a non-contact way.
Not to process wax in the sun. In the first place you need to thoroughly mix the composition. Auto processing machines liquid wax is applied to is not dried after washing the surface of the body and rub with a cloth or rag.
It should be noted that, often, the liquid wax is included in the cost of the cleaning or offered as additional services at low cost. However, the feasibility of the use of this material is questionable, because this service increases the cost of the cleaning, and the maintenance of the effect, it is necessary to repeat this operation every time. This explains the low cost of cleaning the vehicle this wax, which is 1-2 dollars.
Treatment of the body hard wax at car washes is estimated from 12 up to 250 dollars. This difference in the cost in comparison with liquid wax due to a more complicated application of the technique. In addition, the materials have a high cost that can reach $ 500 for a jar of solid wax.
It should be noted that the liquid wax and the options in the form of a spray spread much more widely in comparison with solid and synthetic. This is mainly due to the high cost of the application of the latter to the bodywork of the vehicle. Naturally, this wax is not designed for universal application. It is usually used for expensive cars, with the aim of preserving them from damage in the paint. The treatment of this wax a car in their own is also rarely used, due to the complexity of the process. Wash the car shampoo that contains wax, or apply a liquid material, of course, be much simpler.
The following are some tips on how to wash the car.